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toltec religion and culture

Among them, Topiltzin stood out, who adopted the name of Quetzalcoatl to unite, thus, the religious aspect with the political and military. In addition, as regards art, another of the economic sources of the Toltecs was the carving of stones and the creation of different sculptures, which still exist. It is stated that the Toltec population began their pilgrimage when they left Huehuetlapallan, which can be translated as Old red earth , Located in the kingdom of Tollan. In this lesson, you will receive a basic overview of the major gods and goddesses in Toltec religion. 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The latter was the victor and the Toltec king had to flee with his followers to the south. Tlaloc, the god of rain and storms, was also considered important as the Toltecs relied on rain to grow their crops. Its most famous king, Topiltzin-Quetzalcóatl, was the one who carried out the most important military campaigns to extend his dominions and create an empire. It was there that, in 667 AD. It is the god of rain and fertility, although it is known by other names in other areas of Mesoamerica. During the apogee of the Toltec civilization, the cult of Quetzalcoatl spread throughout Mesoamerica. Almost all of this information comes from the Aztecs and oral tradition, which is why, on many occasions, historical realities are mixed with legends and myths. These warriors were decorated with feathers and mosaics. It is the classic representation of good and evil that in the Western Catholic religion is represented by God and the Devil. Internal disputes may also have led to the break up of the power structure, and this is hinted at in the legendary stories of battles between the gods Quetzalco… credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The Religion of the Toltecs It was polytheistic - that is, a believer of many gods - in which Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca emerged as the most important of all. The Toltec culture was a pre-Colombian culture that dominated the area of what is today central Mexico from the 10 th to the 12 th centuries AD. Get access risk-free for 30 days, This means that they did not practice their religious practices in a permanent place of worship as a temple, but did so in various places according to circumstances, especially in outdoor ceremonies. C. The capital was located in Tula, a town that many historians place in the State of Hidalgo, about 60 kilometers from Mexico City. Like many of the pre-Hispanic peoples of Mesoamerica, the Toltecs had many gods whom they worshiped. The scholars who have understood the Toltecs to have been an actual ethnic group often connect them to the archeological site of Tula, Hidalgo which is then supposed to have been the Tollan of Aztec myth. Despite this, there is archeological evidence that the city of Tula collapsed around the middle of the 12th century. This moved from the northeast of present-day Mexico to reach its center and settled in the current states of Morelos, Hidalgo, Puebla, Mexico City and Tlaxcala. Among these manifestations, they stood out the pottery, the painting, the pottery and the thing related to the craftsmanship and finally the strongest one of all in Toltec culture: the sculpture. Quetzalcoatl: Perhaps the most important god to the Toltecs, and probably one of the most well-known Mesoamerican gods, was Quetzalcoatl, the creator god. Etymologically, the name of the culture is also the subject of discussion. Some practitioners of "New Age" Spiritualism have adopted the term "Toltec" to refer to their beliefs. Their rise to power and the beginning of the Toltec empire marked the start of militarism in Mesoamerica. The monarchs were known by the name of tlahtoques. By 1150, their civilization went into decline and Tula was eventually destroyed and abandoned. The most important social class within the Toltec culture was that of the warriors. Unlike the Toltecs, the Aztecs abused their power, not understanding the records of the Toltec teachings found at the pyramids. There they survived until Hernán Cortés sacked the area and burned the town. C. The peak of this culture occurred between 900 and 1200 AD. Quite the contrary, the establishment of caste systems was the norm in Mesoamerican indigenous cultures, and Toltec was no exception. Most of the temples of Toltec culture that have been discovered and studied are to be found at the ancient city of Tula, which served as the capital of the Toltec civilization. It even reached as far as the ancestral lands of the Maya, where similarities between Tula and Chichen Itza include the majestic Temple to Kukulcán, the Maya word for Quetzalcoatl. Recovered from ux1.eiu.edu. Its geographical area was the center of present-day Mexico and its heyday occurred during the 10th and 12th centuries AD. These ornaments used to be anthropomorphic in shape or represent a feathered serpent. 3- Pantheistic Religion . The "Palace of Quetzalcoatl," situated between the two major pyramids, was also once thought to be residential but is now believed to have been a temple of sorts, possibly for the royal family. In addition, the Toltecs had a strong participation in the architectural area, developing different techniques of pyramid construction, such as Pyramid B in Tula. Retrieved from thoughtco.com, The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jorge Javier Hernández Gallardo. Until the XII century. The soldiers were divided into different military orders, almost all of them named after animals, such as jaguars or coyotes. The gods that they venerated were, mainly, Quetzalcoatl, Tláloc, Centéotl, Itzlacoliuhque and Tezcatlipoca. This culture belonged to the indigenous Nahuatl . just create an account. The lower-class Toltecs wore much simpler garments: a kind of loincloth, a tangle, and did not wear shoes. The most important contribution of the Toltec culture to Mesoamerican religion is the introduction of the Quetzalcóatl myth. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. While Quetzalcoatl gave the gift of maize to humankind, Centeotl has overseen its continued growth and fertility as Lord of the Maize. } catch(err) {}, Chalchiuh Tlatonac - first Toltec king, founder of Tula, Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl, son of Mixcoatl, the most famous Toltec ruler, Tlilcoatzin Ð died c. 1000 (? Toltec esoteric knowledge was inherited and transmitted from generation to generation. "El Palacio Quemado, Tula: Seis Decadas de Investigaciones." She was the wife of Tlaloc, but was known to have an affair with Tezcatlipoca. These were Zacatl, Chalcatzin, Ehecatzin, Cohualtzin, Tzihuacoatl, Metzotzin and Tlapalmetzotzin (Clavijero, 1987). The Toltecs gave birth to the great indigenous Mexican civilizations and were the ancestors of the Aztec apogee. These had administrative functions, in addition to acting as guides for society. The first was Quetzalcóatl, who represented good, and the second Tezcatlipoca, the deity of evil.

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